拉克万纳大学 学时政策 | 拉克万纳大学-十大网赌老品牌网站

学时政策

Guidelines For Instructional Time Equivalencies Across Formats/assignment Of Credit Hours

根据中部国家高等教育委员会和其他以学科为基础的国家认证协会的认证, 十大网赌老品牌网站也遵守并认可宾夕法尼亚州教育部十大老品牌网赌网址大全第31章所述的学期学分的要求.21 .经修订的课程.

该标准规定,“一个学期代表一个单元的课程材料,通常可以在至少14个小时的课堂教学中教授。, plus outside preparation or the equivalent as determined by the faculty.“因此, a 3-credit course represents the equivalent of 42 hours of classroom instruction or its equivalent, not including final examination or homework as normally interpreted.

以下指导方针旨在确保符合机构提供的各种课程交付格式的标准, a consistency in when and how the equivalency is applied across formats, 以及教师在达到现有标准的同时最大限度地行使学术自由的机会, 目标, 以及具体课程的结果.

学期的格式

通常, 在传统的学期形式(14周加上一周的期末考试,超过两个学期)中提供的课程将满足每学期14小时的课堂教学-学分(i.e. 42 hours for a 3-credit course, 56 hours for a 4-credit course, 等.). 然而, if a class or classes in a course must be cancelled due, 例如, 由于恶劣天气或疾病或其他适当的原因,教职员工无法进入学校, then additional structured instructional activity (or activities) would be required to meet the equivalency standard. Wherever possible, this contingency should be explained in the syllabus and documented accordingly.

Courses held outside of the regular semester (during intersession and summer) meet the same credit hour guidelines.

在线和混合课程

在线和混合课程通过FALCONS模型建立和要求的政策和程序遵守学时政策,如FALCONS手册中广泛描述的那样. The philosophy of the online design includes active and interactive teaching and learning with continually evolving connections between teacher and students and among students; and dynamic, 有关, revealing assessments intended to ensure student retention and success.

事实上, 根据PDE要求, online courses must demonstrate that they include “activities that are the equivalent of classroom instruction.这意味着在网络环境中进行的教学必须反映传统课堂中建立的师生关系, 包括相应的学分. 例如, 这门课值三个学分, at least 45 hours of ‘classroom equivalent instruction’ is required.

According to the Pennsylvania Code Chapter 31, §§ 31.21, activities that are considered the equivalent of classroom instruction:

  • Are directly related to the 目标 of the course;
  • Are directly measurable for grading purposes; and
  • Have the direct supervision or oversight of faculty member teaching the course

等价的不应该是:

  • 家庭作业
  • “Time spent” – a calculation of the time a student spends accomplishing a task.

Research on best practices is the foundation of 拉克万纳大学’s FALCONS model (Appendix B, p. 25), 指导设计, 函数, and evaluation of the courses within the School of Distance Education.

与教学相关的学习活动一系列与教学相关的或学生参与的活动可以用来达到相当于每学期14小时课堂教学的学分, 不包括期末考试.

选择特定的“课堂外学习”活动或活动组合是教师在实现既定目标方面的责任, 课程的目标和结果, enhancing cooperative and collaborative learning in an instructor-mediated environment, demonstrating an awareness of the various learning styles and experiences of the students, and in the determining of equivalency to a semester-credit-hour.

The following examples are some of the options that may be considered for utilization:

  • 讨论板的结构提供指导或教师介导的线程讨论与指定的时间框架和参与的期望;
  • 为班级或小组项目提供合作学习机会的聊天室,对参与和反馈有特定的期望;
  • 运用高阶分析技巧,结合教师和课堂设计的反馈,进行与课程目标相关的案例研究和问题解决方案;
  • 博客, 期刊, or logs in which students share the most 有关 aspects with instructor and classmates;
  • 在网络探索活动中,学生找到解决特定课程目标的互联网站点,并与课堂和教学中介共享;
  • Library research in which instructor directs students to locate certain information or resources either online or in situ, relate them to course 目标 and present them to the class in a designated manner;
  • Lecture materials – written transcripts or audio recordings – from which students are expected to develop questions, 评论, or observations shared with class and instructor through discussion board postings or participation in chat rooms;
  • 教学光盘
  • Field trips or tours in which students may participate as an individual or group in analyzing an activity (concert, 博物馆, 艺术展览, 宗教仪式, 政治辩论, 等.) and prepare a paper or presentation to share with instructor and class;
  • Final group projects which represent a culmination of learning 目标 and students collaborative via e-mail, 网友们, 讨论版, 和“面对面”的合同来研究, 分析, synthesize and prepare projects with the instructor receiving periodic updates and providing feedback. Instructors should establish and control the learning-based interactions (when, 在哪里, 和为什么), 包括频率, 持续时间, 评估和评估技术. These guidelines recognize the need for the faculty to actively manage the learning space, 无论是在传统课堂内还是课堂外.

课外要求

除了课堂上的, “面对面”的要求, students are also expected to spend TWICE the amount of time on outside of class learning activities, 如下:
学分授予 课堂上的要求 课外期望
一个 15 hours (14 instructional hours, plus 1 hour of examination) 30个小时
两个 45 hours (42 instructional hours, plus 3 hours of examination) 90小时
三个 60 hours (56 instructional hours, plus 4 hours of examination) 120小时

其他信息

宾夕法尼亚州教育部已经制定了一些参数,以协助开发课程内容,相当于以课堂为基础的教学. According to Pennsylvania Department of Education clarification: equivalent content should:

  • Be related directly to the 目标 of the course/program;
  • 为评分目的可测量;
  • Have the direct oversight or supervision of the faculty member teaching the course;
  • Be equivalent (in some form) of an activity conducted in the classroom.

宾夕法尼亚州教育部指出,同等的内容可能不是家庭作业,也不是关注“花费的时间”(学生完成任务所花费的时间)。.

所有的学术活动,如实验室, 实习, 校外实习期, and clinicals require the same minimum amount of hours as stated above.

实习时间指引

拉克万纳大学 offers 实习 for specific majors. 该项目旨在为学生实习生提供在其专业领域获得有意义的职业相关经验的机会. 学生实习生应该在实际的工作环境中实践和扩展他们在课堂上学到的知识和技能. 实习应该让他们更好地了解自己的专业,同时促进从课堂到职业环境的过渡.

All 实习 require a minimum of 45 hours per credit. 三个 semester hours of credit requires a minimum of 135 hours on site.

在线学生信用额度政策

与学院的使命一致, 学生可以利用在线课程交付方法,以克服他们的学习障碍,如距离, time, 运输, 以及家庭或工作责任.

进一步, 任何申请宾夕法尼亚州立助学金的学生,如果每学期在传统课堂上完成50%的课程作业,则只能维持其奖学金.

没有资格或没有使用宾夕法尼亚州助学金的学生可以在任何学期以任何媒介获得学分,而不受财政援助办公室的限制. 此外, 希望放弃宾夕法尼亚州立大学助学金的学生有权使用自己的个人资金超过50%的上限.

拉克万纳大学 maintains an electronic alert within Jenzabar, 学院的信息系统, 当学生总课程学分的50%被注册为在线课程时,哪些课程会暂时冻结学生的账户. 此时此刻, the system will not allow for students with this hold to register for an OA or OM section without approval.

学生, 顾问, 学生事务, 和财政援助将合作审查和讨论学生的国家援助状态和注册之前的选择. 以这种方式, no student will violate accreditation or grant restrictions in fulfilling their degree requirements.